In the midst of the modern, fast-paced buzz of downtown Los Angeles, California, resides an enchanting haven for book enthusiasts and photographers alike. The Last Bookstore, a sprawling 22,000-square-foot wonderland of literature and art, is an aesthetic and cultural gem that holds the title as the largest independent bookstore in California. Its charming blend of old-world allure and eclectic artistic expression makes it a must-visit spot for any avid photographer.

The Last Book Store Neon Sign-Photo by Riley Mccullough
The Last Book Store Neon Sign-Photo by Riley Mccullough

Established in 2005 by Josh Spencer, The Last Bookstore started as an online-only store operating from a downtown LA loft. It opened its physical doors in December 2009 at a small location on 4th and Main streets. In June 2011, the store moved to its present home in the Spring Arts Tower at 5th and Spring streets, a vintage building that was formerly a bank. The marble pillars, the high ceiling, and even the old vault have been incorporated into its unique interior design, adding an old-world charm to this vibrant bookstore.

The Bookstore

Using Your Imagination to Create Unique Compositions-Photo by Cristiano Firmani
Using Your Imagination to Create Unique Compositions-Photo by Cristiano Firmani

With its vast selection of reasonably priced new and used books, the bookstore specializes in well-kept vintage books that add to the decadent, musty aroma pervading its interior. Its visual merchandising, including creative displays and book sculptures, not only captivates book lovers but is a treat for photographers and Instagram users. The store’s design encourages customers to embark on treasure hunts, with most of the fiction section purposefully unarranged. The books are arranged every which way, with hidden nooks and custom-built sculptures from overstocked or damaged copies adding to the charm.

Photogenic Spots and Art Displays

A Surreal Bit of Compositing at the Bookstore-Photo by Jaredd Craig
A Surreal Bit of Compositing at the Bookstore-Photo by Jaredd Craig

The Last Bookstore boasts several iconic features that have become favorites among photographers. The famous book tunnel, now with an added plant wall, is a spectacle not to be missed. There’s also a section of hardbacks arranged by color that adds a vibrant splash to the photos. The bookstore has strategically placed art pieces, vintage artifacts, and sculptures that not only make for unique photography props but also provide stunning backgrounds.

The bookstore also houses the Spring Arts Collective, a vibrant and dynamic creative space showcasing local artists and independent retailers. The collective adds an artistic edge to the bookstore, with its variety of artistic mediums such as painting, sculpture, photography, and mixed media.

Flying Books at The Last Bookstore-Photo by Jared Rubinsky
Flying Books Sculpture at The Last Bookstore-Photo by Jared Rubinsky

Location

The Last Bookstore is located at 453 S Spring St Ground Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90013, United States and operates from 11 a.m. to 8 p.m. daily. For more information, you can visit their website at http://www.lastbookstorela.com/.

{"map_options":{"center_lat":"34.04777658039664","center_lng":"-118.24946567660487","zoom":13,"map_type_id":"HYBRID","center_by_nearest":false,"fit_bounds":false,"center_circle_fillcolor":"#8CAEF2","center_circle_strokecolor":"#8CAEF2","show_center_circle":false,"show_center_marker":true,"center_marker_icon":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/default-marker.png","draggable":true,"scroll_wheel":"false","gesture":"auto","marker_default_icon":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/default-marker.png","infowindow_setting":"<div class=\"fc-main\">\n<div class=\"fc-item-title\">{marker_title} <span class=\"fc-badge info\">{marker_category}<\/span><\/div>\n<div class=\"fc-item-featured_image\">{marker_image} <\/div>\n<p>{marker_message}<\/p>\n<address><b>Address : <\/b>{marker_address}<\/address>\n<\/div>\n","infowindow_geotags_setting":"<div class=\"fc-item-box fc-item-no-padding \">\r\n    {post_featured_image}\r\n    <div class=\"fc-clear\"><\/div>\r\n<\/div>","infowindow_skin":{"name":"default","type":"infowindow","sourcecode":"<div class=\"fc-main\"><div class=\"fc-item-title\">{marker_title} <span class=\"fc-badge info\">{marker_category}<\/span><\/div> <div class=\"fc-item-featured_image\">{marker_image} <\/div>{marker_message}<address><b>Address : <\/b>{marker_address}<\/address><\/div>"},"infowindow_post_skin":{"name":"acerra","type":"post","sourcecode":"<div class=\"fc-item-box fc-item-no-padding \">\r\n    {post_featured_image}\r\n    <div class=\"fc-clear\"><\/div>\r\n<\/div>"},"infowindow_drop_animation":false,"close_infowindow_on_map_click":false,"default_infowindow_open":false,"infowindow_open_event":"click","listing_infowindow_open_event":"click","is_mobile":false,"infowindow_filter_only":false,"infowindow_click_change_zoom":0,"infowindow_click_change_center":false,"full_screen_control":true,"search_control":true,"zoom_control":true,"map_type_control":true,"street_view_control":true,"locateme_control":false,"mobile_specific":false,"zoom_mobile":5,"draggable_mobile":true,"scroll_wheel_mobile":true,"full_screen_control_position":"TOP_RIGHT","search_control_position":"TOP_LEFT","locateme_control_position":"TOP_LEFT","zoom_control_position":"TOP_LEFT","map_type_control_position":"TOP_RIGHT","map_type_control_style":"HORIZONTAL_BAR","street_view_control_position":"TOP_LEFT","map_control":false,"screens":{"smartphones":{"map_zoom_level_mobile":"5"},"ipads":{"map_zoom_level_mobile":"5"},"large-screens":{"map_zoom_level_mobile":"5"}},"map_infowindow_customisations":false,"infowindow_width":"100%","infowindow_border_color":"rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.0980392)","infowindow_bg_color":"#fff","show_infowindow_header":false,"min_zoom":"0","max_zoom":"19","zoom_level_after_search":"13","url_filters":false,"doubleclickzoom":false,"current_post_only":true,"bound_map_after_filter":false,"display_reset_button":false,"map_reset_button_text":"Reset","height":"300"},"places":[{"source":"post","title":"The Last Bookstore: A Photogenic Literary Haven in Los Angeles","infowindow_content":"<div class=\"fc-item-box fc-item-no-padding \">\r\n    <div class=\"fc-feature-img\"><img loading=\"lazy\" decoding=\"async\" alt=\"The Last Book Store Thumbnail\" width=\"300\" height=\"300\" src=\"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2023\/06\/the-last-bookstore-300x300.png\" class=\"wp-post-image   wpgmp_featured_image\" ><\/div>\r\n    <div class=\"fc-clear\"><\/div>\r\n<\/div>","content":"The Last Bookstore: A Photogenic Literary Haven in LA","address":"","location":{"lat":"34.04777658039664","lng":"-118.24946567660487","redirect_custom_link":"","onclick_action":"marker","redirect_permalink":"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/photography-guides\/the-last-bookstore-a-photogenic-literary-haven-in-los-angeles\/","zoom":13,"extra_fields":{"post_excerpt":"The Last Bookstore: A Photogenic Literary Haven in LA","post_content":"[vc_row unlock_row=\"\" row_height_percent=\"0\" override_padding=\"yes\" h_padding=\"3\" top_padding=\"2\" bottom_padding=\"2\" overlay_alpha=\"50\" gutter_size=\"3\" column_width_percent=\"100\" border_color=\"color-wayh\" border_style=\"solid\" shift_y=\"0\" z_index=\"0\" css=\".vc_custom_1628431255572{border-top-width: 0px !important;border-right-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;border-left-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-right: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;padding-left: 0px !important;}\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"120420\" border_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_column width=\"1\/1\"][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"140118\"]<em>In the midst of the modern, fast-paced buzz of downtown Los Angeles, California, resides an enchanting haven for book enthusiasts and photographers alike. The Last Bookstore, a sprawling 22,000-square-foot wonderland of literature and art, is an aesthetic and cultural gem that holds the title as the largest independent bookstore in California. Its charming blend of old-world allure and eclectic artistic expression makes it a must-visit spot for any avid photographer.<\/em>[\/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"120300\"]History[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_single_image media=\"118585\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Funsplash.com%2F%40rileyhphotos|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"190531\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"165044\"]Established in 2005 by Josh Spencer, The Last Bookstore started as an online-only store operating from a downtown LA loft. It opened its physical doors in December 2009 at a small location on 4th and Main streets. In June 2011, the store moved to its present home in the Spring Arts Tower at 5th and Spring streets, a vintage building that was formerly a bank. The marble pillars, the high ceiling, and even the old vault have been incorporated into its unique interior design, adding an old-world charm to this vibrant bookstore.[\/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"482115\"]The Bookstore[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_single_image media=\"118587\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Funsplash.com%2F%40cristianofirmani|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"142028\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"359865\"]With its vast selection of reasonably priced new and used books, the bookstore specializes in well-kept vintage books that add to the decadent, musty aroma pervading its interior. Its visual merchandising, including creative displays and book sculptures, not only captivates book lovers but is a treat for photographers and Instagram users. The store's design encourages customers to embark on treasure hunts, with most of the fiction section purposefully unarranged. The books are arranged every which way, with hidden nooks and custom-built sculptures from overstocked or damaged copies adding to the charm.[\/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"136906\"]Photogenic Spots and Art Displays[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_single_image media=\"118586\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Funsplash.com%2F%40jareddc|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"126354\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"525819\"]The Last Bookstore boasts several iconic features that have become favorites among photographers. The famous book tunnel, now with an added plant wall, is a spectacle not to be missed. There's also a section of hardbacks arranged by color that adds a vibrant splash to the photos. The bookstore has strategically placed art pieces, vintage artifacts, and sculptures that not only make for unique photography props but also provide stunning backgrounds.\r\n\r\nThe bookstore also houses the Spring Arts Collective, a vibrant and dynamic creative space showcasing local artists and independent retailers. The collective adds an artistic edge to the bookstore, with its variety of artistic mediums such as painting, sculpture, photography, and mixed media.[\/vc_column_text][vc_single_image media=\"118584\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2Fjaredrubinsky%2F|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"173316\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"638282\"]Location[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"135772\"]The Last Bookstore is located at 453 S Spring St Ground Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90013, United States and operates from 11 a.m. to 8 p.m. daily. For more information, you can visit their website at <a href=\"http:\/\/www.lastbookstorela.com\/\" target=\"_new\" rel=\"noopener\">http:\/\/www.lastbookstorela.com\/<\/a>.[\/vc_column_text][vc_raw_html]JTVCcHV0X3dwZ20lMjBpZCUzRDIlMjBjdXJyZW50X3Bvc3Rfb25seSUzRHRydWUlNUQ=[\/vc_raw_html][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"961382\"]Conclusion[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"189751\"]The Last Bookstore is much more than its name suggests. It's not just a bookstore but an experience that combines art, literature, and culture. Whether you're an ardent reader, an art lover, a music enthusiast, or a passionate photographer, this place offers something for everyone. It's a standing testament to the power and allure of physical books in a digital age, making it a must-visit location when in Los Angeles.\r\n\r\n(Los Angeles, California, USA)[\/vc_column_text][vc_single_image media=\"118590\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Fwww.flickr.com%2Fphotos%2F168888063%40N04%2F|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"165283\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][\/vc_column][\/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=\"1\/1\"][uncode_block id=\"116097\"][\/vc_column][\/vc_row]","post_title":"The Last Bookstore: A Photogenic Literary Haven in Los Angeles","post_link":"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/photography-guides\/the-last-bookstore-a-photogenic-literary-haven-in-los-angeles\/","post_featured_image":"<div class=\"fc-feature-img\"><img loading=\"lazy\" decoding=\"async\" alt=\"The Last Book Store Thumbnail\" width=\"300\" height=\"300\" src=\"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2023\/06\/the-last-bookstore-300x300.png\" class=\"wp-post-image   wpgmp_featured_image\" ><\/div>","post_categories":"Photography Guides, Photo Spots, California, United States, North America","post_tags":"Historic, Landmark, Abandoned","%_wpb_shortcodes_custom_css%":".vc_custom_1628431255572{border-top-width: 0px !important;border-right-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;border-left-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-right: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;padding-left: 0px !important;}","%_wpb_shortcodes_custom_css_updated%":"1","%_dwls_first_image%":"","%sharing_disabled%":[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]],"%_advads_ad_settings%":"0","%_wpb_vc_js_status%":"true","%_yoast_wpseo_content_score%":"90","%_yoast_wpseo_focuskeywords%":"[]","%_yoast_wpseo_keywordsynonyms%":"[\"\"]","%_uncode_specific_main_width%":"1200, px","%_uncode_specific_menu_opaque%":"off","%_uncode_specific_menu_no_shadow%":"off","%_uncode_specific_menu_remove%":"off","%_uncode_blocks_list%":"97946","%_uncode_layerslider_list%":"","%_uncode_header_full_width%":"on","%_uncode_header_height%":"50, %","%_uncode_header_title%":"on","%_uncode_header_title_custom%":"off","%_uncode_header_style%":"dark","%_uncode_header_content_width%":"off","%_uncode_header_custom_width%":"100","%_uncode_header_align%":"left","%_uncode_header_position%":"header-left header-top","%_uncode_header_title_size%":"h1","%_uncode_header_title_italic%":"off","%_uncode_header_featured%":"on","%_uncode_header_background%":"color-wayh, , , , , ","%_uncode_header_parallax%":"off","%_uncode_header_overlay_color_alpha%":"100","%_uncode_header_scroll_opacity%":"off","%_uncode_header_scrolldown%":"off","%_uncode_menu_no_padding%":"off","%_uncode_menu_no_padding_mobile%":"off","%_uncode_specific_layout_width_custom%":", px","%_uncode_specific_tags_align%":"left","%_uncode_sidebar_position%":"sidebar_right","%_uncode_sidebar_size%":"4","%_uncode_sidebar_sticky%":"off","%_uncode_sidebar_fill%":"off","%_uncode_specific_navigation_hide%":"","%_uncode_specific_copy_hide%":"off","%_uncode_fullpage_type%":"curtain","%_uncode_fullpage_opacity%":"off","%_uncode_scroll_dots%":"off","%_uncode_empty_dots%":"off","%_uncode_scroll_history%":"off","%_uncode_scroll_safe_padding%":"on","%_uncode_scroll_additional_padding%":"0","%_uncode_fullpage_mobile%":"off","%_uncode_scroll_snap%":"off","%_yoast_wpseo_primary_category%":"4645","%_recommended%":"0","%_primary_term_category%":"217","%_uncode_secondary_thumbnail_id%":"118586","%_tsfem-extension-post-meta%":"a:1:{s:8:\"articles\";a:1:{s:4:\"type\";s:7:\"Article\";}}","%_wp_old_slug%":"pontefract-park-lake-2","%_wpgmp_location_address%":"","%_wpgmp_location_city%":"","%_wpgmp_location_state%":"","%_wpgmp_location_country%":"","%_wpgmp_metabox_latitude%":"34.04777658039664","%_wpgmp_metabox_longitude%":"-118.24946567660487","%_wpgmp_metabox_location_redirect%":"marker","%_wpgmp_metabox_custom_link%":"","%_wpgmp_map_id%":"a:4:{i:0;s:1:\"1\";i:1;s:1:\"2\";i:2;s:1:\"4\";i:3;s:2:\"12\";}","%_wpgmp_metabox_marker_id%":"","%_wpgmp_metabox_taxomomies_terms%":"","%_wpgmp_extensions_fields%":"","%_uncode_specific_footer_uparrow_hide%":"off","%_uncode_active_sidebar%":"","%_uncode_sidebar%":"sidebar-182665","%_genesis_title%":"The Last Bookstore: A Photogenic Literary Haven in LA","%_genesis_description%":"Discover the unique and unexpected photographic opportunities at this hidden gem photography location in Los Angeles.","%_uncode_header_type%":"header_uncodeblock","%_wp_old_date%":"2022-04-19","%_thumbnail_id%":"118593","%_dp_original%":"116929","%_edit_lock%":"1698764170:1","%_edit_last%":"1","%_ez-toc-disabled%":"","%_ez-toc-insert%":"1","%_ez-toc-heading-levels%":"1, 2, 3","%_ez-toc-alttext%":"","%_ez-toc-visibility_hide_by_default%":"","%_ez-toc-exclude%":"","taxonomy=category":"Photography Guides, Photo Spots, United States, California, North America","taxonomy=post_tag":"Historic, Landmark, Abandoned","taxonomy=post_format":""}},"id":118583,"custom_filters":[],"infowindow_disable":false}],"styles":"[\r\n    {\r\n        \"featureType\": \"administrative.country\",\r\n        \"elementType\": \"geometry\",\r\n        \"stylers\": [\r\n            {\r\n                \"visibility\": \"simplified\"\r\n            },\r\n            {\r\n                \"hue\": \"#ff0000\"\r\n            }\r\n        ]\r\n    },\r\n    {\r\n        \"featureType\": \"poi\",\r\n        \"elementType\": \"all\",\r\n        \"stylers\": [\r\n            {\r\n                \"visibility\": \"off\"\r\n            }\r\n        ]\r\n    }\r\n]","map_property":{"map_id":"2","debug_mode":true},"shapes":{"drawing_editable":false},"filters":{"filters_container":"[data-container=\"wpgmp-filters-container\"]"},"marker_category_icons":{"1":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/lighthouse-marker-icon.png","2":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/nature-marker.png","3":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/waterfront-48px.png","4":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/waterfall-marker.png","5":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/architecture-photo-spot-marker.png","6":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/abandoned-photo-spot-marker.png","7":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/agriculture-photo-spot-marker.png","8":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/castle-photo-spot-marker.png","9":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/church-photo-spot-marker.png","10":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/bridge-photo-spot-marker.png","11":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/landmark-photo-spot-marker.png","12":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/windmill-photo-marker.png","13":"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/default-marker.png"}}

Conclusion

The Last Bookstore is much more than its name suggests. It’s not just a bookstore but an experience that combines art, literature, and culture. Whether you’re an ardent reader, an art lover, a music enthusiast, or a passionate photographer, this place offers something for everyone. It’s a standing testament to the power and allure of physical books in a digital age, making it a must-visit location when in Los Angeles.

(Los Angeles, California, USA)

The Famous Book Tunnel at the Last Bookstore-Photo by Thomas Hawk
The Famous Book Tunnel at the Last Bookstore-Photo by Thomas Hawk

Explore More Photography Guides