Step back in time and immerse yourself in the captivating atmosphere of St Dunstan in the East, a hidden gem nestled in the heart of London. This enchanting ruin offers a unique and peaceful escape from the bustling city streets, transporting you to a bygone era of history and charm. Once a medieval church, St Dunstan in the East is now a hauntingly beautiful garden, adorned with ancient stone arches, overgrown foliage, and remnants of its former glory. As you wander through the crumbling walls and weathered tombstones, you can’t help but feel a sense of awe and wonder at the rich history that surrounds you. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply seeking a serene oasis amidst the chaos of urban life, St Dunstan in the East is sure to captivate your senses and leave you with memories to cherish. Join us as we embark on a journey to uncover the secrets of this hidden treasure in the heart of London.

St Dunstan in the East is hidden among London's skyscrapers-Photo by Shawn M. Kent
St Dunstan in the East is hidden among London's skyscrapers-Photo by Shawn M. Kent

Centuries ago, St Dunstan in the East stood as a magnificent medieval church, witnessing the passage of time and the events that shaped London’s history. Originally built in the 12th century, the church underwent various renovations and expansions throughout the years. However, tragedy struck during the Great Fire of London in 1666, leaving the church in ruins.

Despite the destruction, St Dunstan in the East was rebuilt and continued to serve as a place of worship for the local community. It survived for several centuries until World War II, when the church was severely damaged during the Blitz.

The Transformation of St Dunstan in the East into a Public Garden

Entrance to St Dunstan in the East-Photo by Shawn M. Kent
Entrance to St Dunstan in the East-Photo by Shawn M. Kent

Stepping into St Dunstan in the East is like walking into another era. Once a church, it was reduced to ruins by the Blitz in 1941. Yet, its transformation into a public garden in 1971 gave it a new lease on life. The timeless ambiance, marked by gothic architecture shrouded in vibrant foliage, offers a surreal contrast to the surrounding modern skyscrapers.

As you near the entrance, ancient stone arches cloaked in ivy and various climbers welcome you – a compelling interplay of nature and history that hints at the mesmerizing experience within.

The garden unfolds like a tranquil oasis as you traverse the arches, inviting you into a serene blend of vibrant greenery and the church’s architectural remnants. Here, weathered tombstones and crumbling walls weave an eerie narrative, contrasted by the life breathed in by blooming flowers and carefully trimmed shrubs. The church tower, standing tall amidst the ruins, is one of St Dunstan in the East’s highlights.

Tips for Photographing St Dunstan in the East

St-Dunstan in the East Entrance with bench-Photo by Shawn M. Kent
St-Dunstan in the East Entrance with bench-Photo by Shawn M. Kent

For photography enthusiasts, St Dunstan in the East is a goldmine of captivating subjects and unique compositions. Here are a few tips to help you capture the essence of this hidden gem:

Bring a Tripod: Because of the thick foliage and location nestled amongst much taller buildings and skyscrapers, it is surprisingly dark at St Dunstan in the East, even during midday, so a tripod is very much recommended.

Golden Hour Magic: Visit St Dunstan in the East during the golden hour, which occurs shortly after sunrise or before sunset. The soft, warm light will enhance the beauty of the ruins and add a touch of magic to your photographs.

Play with Perspective: Experiment with different angles and perspectives to create visually interesting shots. Capture the juxtaposition of nature and architecture by shooting through archways or framing the ruins with overhanging branches.

Focus on Details: While the overall views of the gardens at St Dunstan in the East are breathtaking, don’t forget to zoom in on the intricate details. The weathered textures, moss-covered walls, and delicate flowers can make for stunning close-up shots.

Capture the Atmosphere: Try to convey the peaceful and timeless atmosphere of St Dunstan in the East through your photographs. Include people strolling through the garden or sitting on the benches, immersing themselves in the tranquility of the space.

Play with the Light: One of the key elements that make St Dunstan in the East so photogenic is its interplay of light and shadow, especially when sunlight filters through the foliage and falls on the stone arches. This spectacle, combined with the symmetry of the arches and the textures of the stone, can result in striking compositions.

Lens Selection: A wide-angle lens can help capture the full extent of the architecture. Meanwhile, a telephoto lens can assist in isolating unique details such as the church steeple, or details of the gothic window designs. As a minimum you should have a standard 20-70mm zoom lens to allow for varying views.

Location

{"map_options":{"center_lat":"51.509726027078266","center_lng":"-0.0824786600293393","zoom":13,"map_type_id":"HYBRID","center_by_nearest":false,"fit_bounds":false,"center_circle_fillcolor":"#8CAEF2","center_circle_strokecolor":"#8CAEF2","show_center_circle":false,"show_center_marker":true,"center_marker_icon":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/default-marker.png","draggable":true,"scroll_wheel":"false","gesture":"auto","marker_default_icon":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/default-marker.png","infowindow_setting":"<div class=\"fc-main\">\n<div class=\"fc-item-title\">{marker_title} <span class=\"fc-badge info\">{marker_category}<\/span><\/div>\n<div class=\"fc-item-featured_image\">{marker_image} <\/div>\n<p>{marker_message}<\/p>\n<address><b>Address : <\/b>{marker_address}<\/address>\n<\/div>\n","infowindow_geotags_setting":"<div class=\"fc-item-box fc-item-no-padding \">\r\n    {post_featured_image}\r\n    <div class=\"fc-clear\"><\/div>\r\n<\/div>","infowindow_skin":{"name":"default","type":"infowindow","sourcecode":"<div class=\"fc-main\"><div class=\"fc-item-title\">{marker_title} <span class=\"fc-badge info\">{marker_category}<\/span><\/div> <div class=\"fc-item-featured_image\">{marker_image} <\/div>{marker_message}<address><b>Address : <\/b>{marker_address}<\/address><\/div>"},"infowindow_post_skin":{"name":"acerra","type":"post","sourcecode":"<div class=\"fc-item-box fc-item-no-padding \">\r\n    {post_featured_image}\r\n    <div class=\"fc-clear\"><\/div>\r\n<\/div>"},"infowindow_drop_animation":false,"close_infowindow_on_map_click":false,"default_infowindow_open":false,"infowindow_open_event":"click","listing_infowindow_open_event":"click","is_mobile":false,"infowindow_filter_only":false,"infowindow_click_change_zoom":0,"infowindow_click_change_center":false,"full_screen_control":true,"search_control":true,"zoom_control":true,"map_type_control":true,"street_view_control":true,"locateme_control":false,"mobile_specific":false,"zoom_mobile":5,"draggable_mobile":true,"scroll_wheel_mobile":true,"full_screen_control_position":"TOP_RIGHT","search_control_position":"TOP_LEFT","locateme_control_position":"TOP_LEFT","zoom_control_position":"TOP_LEFT","map_type_control_position":"TOP_RIGHT","map_type_control_style":"HORIZONTAL_BAR","street_view_control_position":"TOP_LEFT","map_control":false,"screens":{"smartphones":{"map_zoom_level_mobile":"5"},"ipads":{"map_zoom_level_mobile":"5"},"large-screens":{"map_zoom_level_mobile":"5"}},"map_infowindow_customisations":false,"infowindow_width":"100%","infowindow_border_color":"rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.0980392)","infowindow_bg_color":"#fff","show_infowindow_header":false,"min_zoom":"0","max_zoom":"19","zoom_level_after_search":"13","url_filters":false,"doubleclickzoom":false,"current_post_only":true,"bound_map_after_filter":false,"display_reset_button":false,"map_reset_button_text":"Reset","height":"300"},"places":[{"source":"post","title":"St Dunstan in the East: London\u2019s Best Kept Secret","infowindow_content":"<div class=\"fc-item-box fc-item-no-padding \">\r\n    <div class=\"fc-feature-img\"><img loading=\"lazy\" decoding=\"async\" alt=\"St Dunstan in the East thumnail\" width=\"300\" height=\"300\" src=\"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2023\/07\/st-dunstan-in-the-east-thumnail-300x300.png\" class=\"wp-post-image   wpgmp_featured_image\" ><\/div>\r\n    <div class=\"fc-clear\"><\/div>\r\n<\/div>","content":"St Dunstan in the East: London\u2019s Best Kept Secret","address":"","location":{"lat":"51.509726027078266","lng":"-0.0824786600293393","redirect_custom_link":"","onclick_action":"marker","redirect_permalink":"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/photo-spots\/europe\/united-kingdom\/england\/st-dunstan-in-the-east\/","zoom":13,"extra_fields":{"post_excerpt":"St Dunstan in the East: London\u2019s Best Kept Secret","post_content":"[vc_row unlock_row=\"\" row_height_percent=\"0\" override_padding=\"yes\" h_padding=\"3\" top_padding=\"2\" bottom_padding=\"2\" overlay_alpha=\"50\" gutter_size=\"3\" column_width_percent=\"100\" border_color=\"color-wayh\" border_style=\"solid\" shift_y=\"0\" z_index=\"0\" css=\".vc_custom_1628431255572{border-top-width: 0px !important;border-right-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;border-left-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-right: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;padding-left: 0px !important;}\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"120420\" border_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_column width=\"1\/1\"][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"380177\"]<em>Step back in time and immerse yourself in the captivating atmosphere of St Dunstan in the East, a hidden gem nestled in the heart of London. This enchanting ruin offers a unique and peaceful escape from the bustling city streets, transporting you to a bygone era of history and charm. Once a medieval church, St Dunstan in the East is now a hauntingly beautiful garden, adorned with ancient stone arches, overgrown foliage, and remnants of its former glory. As you wander through the crumbling walls and weathered tombstones, you can't help but feel a sense of awe and wonder at the rich history that surrounds you. Whether you're a history enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply seeking a serene oasis amidst the chaos of urban life, St Dunstan in the East is sure to captivate your senses and leave you with memories to cherish. Join us as we embark on a journey to uncover the secrets of this hidden treasure in the heart of London.<\/em>[\/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"846705\"]History of St Dunstan in the East[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_single_image media=\"119750\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Fshawnkent.ca%2F|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"689411\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"179242\"]\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\">Centuries ago, St Dunstan in the East stood as a magnificent medieval church, witnessing the passage of time and the events that shaped London's history. Originally built in the 12th century, the church underwent various renovations and expansions throughout the years. However, tragedy struck during the Great Fire of London in 1666, leaving the church in ruins.<\/p>\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\">Despite the destruction, St Dunstan in the East was rebuilt and continued to serve as a place of worship for the local community. It survived for several centuries until World War II, when the church was severely damaged during the Blitz.<\/p>\r\n[\/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"205255\"]The Transformation of St Dunstan in the East into a Public Garden[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_single_image media=\"119749\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Fshawnkent.ca%2F|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"204093\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"779794\"]Stepping into St Dunstan in the East is like walking into another era. Once a church, it was reduced to ruins by the Blitz in 1941. Yet, its transformation into a public garden in 1971 gave it a new lease on life. The timeless ambiance, marked by gothic architecture shrouded in vibrant foliage, offers a surreal contrast to the surrounding modern skyscrapers.\r\n\r\nAs you near the entrance, ancient stone arches cloaked in ivy and various climbers welcome you - a compelling interplay of nature and history that hints at the mesmerizing experience within.\r\n\r\nThe garden unfolds like a tranquil oasis as you traverse the arches, inviting you into a serene blend of vibrant greenery and the church's architectural remnants. Here, weathered tombstones and crumbling walls weave an eerie narrative, contrasted by the life breathed in by blooming flowers and carefully trimmed shrubs. The church tower, standing tall amidst the ruins, is one of St Dunstan in the East's highlights.[\/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"118563\"]Tips for Photographing St Dunstan in the East[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_single_image media=\"119751\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Fshawnkent.ca%2F|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"293806\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"359917\"]\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\">For photography enthusiasts, St Dunstan in the East is a goldmine of captivating subjects and unique compositions. Here are a few tips to help you capture the essence of this hidden gem:<\/p>\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\"><strong>Bring a Tripod<\/strong>: Because of the thick foliage and location nestled amongst much taller buildings and skyscrapers, it is surprisingly dark at St Dunstan in the East, even during midday, so a tripod is very much recommended.<\/p>\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\"><strong>Golden Hour Magic<\/strong>: Visit St Dunstan in the East during the golden hour, which occurs shortly after sunrise or before sunset. The soft, warm light will enhance the beauty of the ruins and add a touch of magic to your photographs.<\/p>\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\"><strong>Play with Perspective<\/strong>: Experiment with different angles and perspectives to create visually interesting shots. Capture the juxtaposition of nature and architecture by shooting through archways or framing the ruins with overhanging branches.<\/p>\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\"><strong>Focus on Details<\/strong>: While the overall views of the gardens at St Dunstan in the East are breathtaking, don't forget to zoom in on the intricate details. The weathered textures, moss-covered walls, and delicate flowers can make for stunning close-up shots.<\/p>\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\"><strong>Capture the Atmosphere<\/strong>: Try to convey the peaceful and timeless atmosphere of St Dunstan in the East through your photographs. Include people strolling through the garden or sitting on the benches, immersing themselves in the tranquility of the space.<\/p>\r\n<strong>Play with the Light<\/strong>: One of the key elements that make St Dunstan in the East so photogenic is its interplay of light and shadow, especially when sunlight filters through the foliage and falls on the stone arches. This spectacle, combined with the symmetry of the arches and the textures of the stone, can result in striking compositions.\r\n\r\n<strong>Lens Selection<\/strong>: A wide-angle lens can help capture the full extent of the architecture. Meanwhile, a telephoto lens can assist in isolating unique details such as the church steeple, or details of the gothic window designs. As a minimum you should have a standard 20-70mm zoom lens to allow for varying views.[\/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"836766\"]Location[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_raw_html]JTVCcHV0X3dwZ20lMjBpZCUzRDIlMjBjdXJyZW50X3Bvc3Rfb25seSUzRHRydWUlNUQ=[\/vc_raw_html][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"211816\"]Located between the Tower of London and the Monument to the Great Fire of London, St Dunstan in the East can be a little tricky to locate. The nearest underground station is Monument, but Tower Hill and Bank stations are also within walking distance.[\/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading uncode_shortcode_id=\"138176\"]Conclusion: St Dunstan in the East - London's Best-Kept Secret[\/vc_custom_heading][vc_column_text uncode_shortcode_id=\"153843\"]\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\">St Dunstan in the East is a hidden treasure that has managed to preserve its historical charm while providing a serene escape from the fast-paced life of the city. St Dunstan in the East stands as a testament to London\u2019s resilient spirit and history.<\/p>\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\">Whether you're a history enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply seeking a peaceful retreat, St Dunstan in the East is a must-visit destination. Lose yourself in the enchanting ruins, soak up the tranquility of the garden, and let the beauty of the past transport you to another time.<\/p>\r\n<p class=\"editor-paragraph\" dir=\"ltr\">So, next time you find yourself in London, make sure to uncover the secrets of St Dunstan in the East. This hidden gem is waiting to enchant you with its timeless allure and leave you with memories to cherish.<\/p>\r\n[\/vc_column_text][vc_single_image media=\"119752\" caption=\"yes\" media_width_percent=\"100\" alignment=\"center\" advanced=\"yes\" media_items=\"media|original\" media_text=\"under\" media_back_color=\"color-xsdn\" media_overlay_opacity=\"50\" media_overlay_anim=\"no\" media_image_anim=\"no\" media_padding=\"2\" media_title_dimension=\"h3\" media_link=\"url:https%3A%2F%2Fshawnkent.ca%2F|title:See%20More%20Work%20By%20This%20Photographer|target:_blank|rel:nofollow\" uncode_shortcode_id=\"140367\" media_back_color_type=\"uncode-palette\"][\/vc_column][\/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=\"1\/1\"][uncode_block id=\"116097\"][\/vc_column][\/vc_row]","post_title":"St Dunstan in the East: London\u2019s Best Kept Secret","post_link":"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/photo-spots\/europe\/united-kingdom\/england\/st-dunstan-in-the-east\/","post_featured_image":"<div class=\"fc-feature-img\"><img loading=\"lazy\" decoding=\"async\" alt=\"St Dunstan in the East thumnail\" width=\"300\" height=\"300\" src=\"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2023\/07\/st-dunstan-in-the-east-thumnail-300x300.png\" class=\"wp-post-image   wpgmp_featured_image\" ><\/div>","post_categories":"England, Photography Guides, Photo Spots, Europe, United Kingdom","post_tags":"Nature, Urban, Cityscape, Bucket List","%_wpb_shortcodes_custom_css%":".vc_custom_1628431255572{border-top-width: 0px !important;border-right-width: 0px !important;border-bottom-width: 0px !important;border-left-width: 0px !important;padding-top: 0px !important;padding-right: 0px !important;padding-bottom: 0px !important;padding-left: 0px !important;}","%_wpb_shortcodes_custom_css_updated%":"1","%_dwls_first_image%":"","%sharing_disabled%":[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]],"%_advads_ad_settings%":"0","%_wpb_vc_js_status%":"true","%_yoast_wpseo_content_score%":"90","%_yoast_wpseo_focuskeywords%":"[]","%_yoast_wpseo_keywordsynonyms%":"[\"\"]","%_uncode_specific_main_width%":"1200, px","%_uncode_specific_menu_opaque%":"off","%_uncode_specific_menu_no_shadow%":"off","%_uncode_specific_menu_remove%":"off","%_uncode_blocks_list%":"97946","%_uncode_layerslider_list%":"","%_uncode_header_full_width%":"on","%_uncode_header_height%":"50, %","%_uncode_header_title%":"on","%_uncode_header_title_custom%":"off","%_uncode_header_style%":"dark","%_uncode_header_content_width%":"off","%_uncode_header_custom_width%":"100","%_uncode_header_align%":"left","%_uncode_header_position%":"header-left header-top","%_uncode_header_title_size%":"h1","%_uncode_header_title_italic%":"off","%_uncode_header_featured%":"on","%_uncode_header_background%":"color-wayh, , , , , ","%_uncode_header_parallax%":"off","%_uncode_header_overlay_color_alpha%":"100","%_uncode_header_scroll_opacity%":"off","%_uncode_header_scrolldown%":"off","%_uncode_menu_no_padding%":"off","%_uncode_menu_no_padding_mobile%":"off","%_uncode_specific_layout_width_custom%":", px","%_uncode_specific_tags_align%":"left","%_uncode_sidebar_position%":"sidebar_right","%_uncode_sidebar_size%":"4","%_uncode_sidebar_sticky%":"off","%_uncode_sidebar_fill%":"off","%_uncode_specific_navigation_hide%":"","%_uncode_specific_copy_hide%":"off","%_uncode_fullpage_type%":"curtain","%_uncode_fullpage_opacity%":"off","%_uncode_scroll_dots%":"off","%_uncode_empty_dots%":"off","%_uncode_scroll_history%":"off","%_uncode_scroll_safe_padding%":"on","%_uncode_scroll_additional_padding%":"0","%_uncode_fullpage_mobile%":"off","%_uncode_scroll_snap%":"off","%_yoast_wpseo_primary_category%":"4645","%_recommended%":"0","%_primary_term_category%":"126","%_uncode_secondary_thumbnail_id%":"119752","%_tsfem-extension-post-meta%":"a:1:{s:8:\"articles\";a:1:{s:4:\"type\";s:7:\"Article\";}}","%_wp_old_slug%":"pontefract-park-lake-2","%_wpgmp_location_address%":"","%_wpgmp_location_city%":"","%_wpgmp_location_state%":"","%_wpgmp_location_country%":"","%_wpgmp_metabox_latitude%":"51.509726027078266","%_wpgmp_metabox_longitude%":"-0.0824786600293393","%_wpgmp_metabox_location_redirect%":"marker","%_wpgmp_metabox_custom_link%":"","%_wpgmp_map_id%":"a:4:{i:0;s:1:\"1\";i:1;s:1:\"2\";i:2;s:2:\"14\";i:3;s:2:\"16\";}","%_wpgmp_metabox_marker_id%":"a:1:{i:0;s:1:\"6\";}","%_wpgmp_metabox_taxomomies_terms%":"","%_wpgmp_extensions_fields%":"","%_uncode_specific_footer_uparrow_hide%":"off","%_uncode_active_sidebar%":"","%_uncode_sidebar%":"sidebar-182665","%_genesis_title%":"St Dunstan in the East: London\u2019s Best Kept Secret","%_genesis_description%":"Discover the captivating history and photogenic allure of one of London\u2019s best hidden gems \u2013 the stunning St Dunstan in the East public garden.","%_uncode_header_type%":"header_uncodeblock","%_wp_old_date%":"2022-04-19","%_thumbnail_id%":"119754","%_relevanssi_pin_for_all%":"on","%_relevanssi_pin_keywords%":"","%_relevanssi_unpin_keywords%":"","%_dp_original%":"119199","%_edit_lock%":"1702328530:1","%_edit_last%":"1","%_ez-toc-disabled%":"","%_ez-toc-insert%":"1","%_ez-toc-heading-levels%":"1, 2, 3","%_ez-toc-alttext%":"","%_ez-toc-visibility_hide_by_default%":"","%_ez-toc-exclude%":"","%_relevanssi_pin%":"London","%iawp_total_views%":"170","taxonomy=category":"England, Photography Guides, Photo Spots, Europe, United Kingdom","taxonomy=post_tag":"Nature, Urban, Cityscape, Bucket List","taxonomy=post_format":""},"icon":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/abandoned-photo-spot-marker.png"},"id":119747,"custom_filters":[],"infowindow_disable":false,"categories":[{"icon":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/abandoned-photo-spot-marker.png","name":"Abandoned","id":"6","type":"category","extension_fields":{"cat_order":""}}]}],"styles":"[\r\n    {\r\n        \"featureType\": \"administrative.country\",\r\n        \"elementType\": \"geometry\",\r\n        \"stylers\": [\r\n            {\r\n                \"visibility\": \"simplified\"\r\n            },\r\n            {\r\n                \"hue\": \"#ff0000\"\r\n            }\r\n        ]\r\n    },\r\n    {\r\n        \"featureType\": \"poi\",\r\n        \"elementType\": \"all\",\r\n        \"stylers\": [\r\n            {\r\n                \"visibility\": \"off\"\r\n            }\r\n        ]\r\n    }\r\n]","map_property":{"map_id":"2","debug_mode":true},"shapes":{"drawing_editable":false},"filters":{"filters_container":"[data-container=\"wpgmp-filters-container\"]"},"marker_category_icons":{"1":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/lighthouse-marker-icon.png","2":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/nature-marker.png","3":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/waterfront-48px.png","4":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/waterfall-marker.png","5":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/architecture-photo-spot-marker.png","6":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/abandoned-photo-spot-marker.png","7":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/agriculture-photo-spot-marker.png","8":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/castle-photo-spot-marker.png","9":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/church-photo-spot-marker.png","10":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/bridge-photo-spot-marker.png","11":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/landmark-photo-spot-marker.png","12":"https:\/\/pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/windmill-photo-marker.png","13":"https:\/\/www.pixeoapp.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2021\/08\/default-marker.png"}}

Located between the Tower of London and the Monument to the Great Fire of London, St Dunstan in the East can be a little tricky to locate. The nearest underground station is Monument, but Tower Hill and Bank stations are also within walking distance.

Conclusion: St Dunstan in the East - London's Best-Kept Secret

St Dunstan in the East is a hidden treasure that has managed to preserve its historical charm while providing a serene escape from the fast-paced life of the city. St Dunstan in the East stands as a testament to London’s resilient spirit and history.

Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply seeking a peaceful retreat, St Dunstan in the East is a must-visit destination. Lose yourself in the enchanting ruins, soak up the tranquility of the garden, and let the beauty of the past transport you to another time.

So, next time you find yourself in London, make sure to uncover the secrets of St Dunstan in the East. This hidden gem is waiting to enchant you with its timeless allure and leave you with memories to cherish.

Cathedral Arches of St Dunstan in the East-Photo by Shawn M. Kent
Cathedral Arches of St Dunstan in the East-Photo by Shawn M. Kent

Explore More Photography Guides